Comparing Arabic in Israel to Arabic in the Levant and across the diaspora, this book illuminates the unique socio-political conditions and features of speaking Arabic in Israel.
Drawing on both ethnographic fieldwork and sociolinguistics, Arabic Between State and Nation analyzes the political conditions of Arabic in Israel. While linguists often treat Arabic speakers of the Levant as belonging to one dialect group, this book makes a novel contribution by studying the unique sociopolitical situation of the use of Arabic in the Jewish state, and particularly in East Jerusalem. That perspective is important in light of the removal of Arabic as an official language in Israel in 2018. The book’s study of Arabic in Israel is enhanced through comparisons to the political conditions of Arabic found in the Levant and among the Arabic-speaking diaspora in communities such as Dearborn, Michigan. These comparisons consider both large- and small-scale factors, ranging from the role of nation-state building to daily public usage of Arabic. Arabic Between State and Nation reaches far beyond linguistic differences to go to the heart of the political, social, and economic despair faced by multiple communities.
In Architecture and Development Ayala Levin charts the settler colonial imagination and practices that undergirded Israeli architectural development aid in Africa. Focusing on the “golden age” of Israel’s diplomatic relations in and throughout the continent from 1958 to 1973, Levin finds that Israel positioned itself as a developing-nation alternative in the competition over aid and influence between global North and global South. In analyses of the design and construction of prestigious governmental projects in Nigeria, Sierra Leone, and Ethiopia, Levin details how architects, planners, and a trade union--owned construction company staged Israel as a new center of nonaligned expertise. These actors and professionals paradoxically capitalized on their settler colonial experience in Palestine, refashioning it as an alternative to Western colonial expertise. Levin traces how Israel became involved in the modernization of governance, education, and agriculture in Africa, as well as how African leaders chose to work with Israel to forge new South-South connections. In so doing, she offers new ways of understanding the role of architecture as a vehicle of postcolonial development and in the mobilization of development resources.
Australia and the State of Israel have maintained a cordial if at times ambiguous relationship. The two countries are geographically isolated: strategic, economic and cultural interests lie increasingly with Asia for one, and with the US and the EU for the other. But for all that divides the two states, there is also much they share. Australia played an important role in the Jewish state's establishment in 1948, and is home to the most Zionist centered Jewish diaspora globally. Jewishness for most Australian Jews has been shaped and defined by engagement with and support for Israel. At the heart of this engagement is a small but thriving Israeli community within the larger multicultural Australia. Australia and Israel: A Diasporic, Cultural and Political relationship draws attention to the important historical and contemporary nexus between this diaspora and its imagined homeland. The collection also considers the ways in which these two states mobilise national myths and share environmental challenges. In recent time relations between the two states have been tested by the illegal use of Australian passports in 2010, the mysterious death of dual national Ben Zygier, and growing disquiet within the ranks of the Australian Labor Party and the Australian Greens over Israel's handling of the Israel-Palestinian conflict. One prominent world-wide issue is the Palestinian BDS (Boycotts, Divestments and Sanctions) movement, which has attracted sympathy and support that has brought about substantive differences of opinion regarding its legitimacy within the Jewish Australian community. These issues demonstrate the multifaceted and complex picture of two very different nations, that nevertheless share an abiding connection.