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Access Control and Security Monitoring of Multimedia Information Processing and Transmission
Zhihan Lyu
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2024
In the era of big data and multi-connectivity via IoTs, protecting and securing multimedia data has become a real necessity and priority for organizations and businesses, but this can be a rather difficult task due to the heterogeneous nature of platforms and data sets. It is therefore essential to improve the security level of multimedia information by developing core technologies to prevent the loss and damage of information during processing and transmission.
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Access, Fronthaul and Backhaul Networks for 5G & Beyond
Muhammad Ali Imran
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2017
The widespread use of mobile internet and smart applications has led to an explosive growth in mobile data traffic, which will continue due to the emerging need of connecting people, machines, and applications in an ubiquitous manner through the mobile infrastructure. The efficient and satisfactory operation of all these densely deployed networks hinges on a suitable backhaul and fronthaul provisioning. The research community is working to provide innovative technologies with extensive performance evaluation metrics along with the required standardisation milestones, hardware and components for a fully deployed network by 2020 and beyond.
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AC-DC Power System Analysis
Jos Arrillaga
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1998
With the expansion of HV DC transmission throughout the world, and the increasing numbers of international interconnections, few power systems can continue to escape the effect of this technology in their planning and operation. The primary subject of this book is the incorporation of AC-DC converters and DC transmission in power system analysis. However, the concepts and methods described are also applicable to the FACTS (flexible AC transmission systems) technology.
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Active and Assisted Living
Technologies and applications
Francisco Florez-Revuelta
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2016
Active and Assisted Living (AAL) systems aim at improving the quality of life and supporting independent and healthy living of older or impaired people by using a distributed network of sensors and actuators to create a ubiquitous technological layer, able to interact transparently with the users, observing and interpreting their actions and intentions, learning their preferences and adjusting the parameters of the system to improve their quality of life and work. This book provides a comprehensive review of the technologies and applications for AAL.
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Active Sound and Vibration Control
Theory and applications
Osman Tokhi
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2002
This book presents the established fundamentals in the area of active sound and vibration control (ASVC) as well as exploring the new and emerging technologies and techniques. There has been a considerable amount of effort devoted to the development and realisation of methodologies for the control of sound and vibration, and this book covers the latest theoretical, algorithmic and practical applications including: noise control in 3D propagation, adaptive algorithms, prediction, processing and tuning, neuro-active control, control of microvibrations, and noise reduction in locomotives and vehicles. Topics discussed include multichannel active noise control, adaptive harmonic control, model-free iterative tuning, model-based control design for active vibration control (AVC), ASVC using neural networks, genetic algorithms for ASVC systems, and active noise control (ANC) around the human head. The authors also discuss active control of microvibrations, vibration control of manipulators, and techniques of real-time processing. This book will be essential reading for electrical, mechanical and control engineers, designers and researchers, interested in noise and vibration control.
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Adaptive Array Principles
J.E. Hudson
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1981
Adaptive arrays are a radical departure from conventional thinking in antenna design, offering substantial improvements in performance over fixed pattern antennas in environments that include severe interference and jamming. They achieve this because they are designed to steer nulls automatically at noise sources of unknown or variable direction and generally to modify their beampatterns to optimise performance. Adaptive array processing is applicable in most systems that exploit wave propagation; typical uses being radar, active and passive sonar, radio communication links, and radio monitoring.
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Adaptive Prediction and Predictive Control
Partha Pratim Kanjilal
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1995
Control often follows predictions: predictive control has been highly successful in producing robust and practical solutions in many real-life, real-time applications. Adaptive prediction covers a variety of ways of adding 'intelligence' to predictive control techniques. Many different groups, with widely varying disciplinary backgrounds and approaches, are tackling the same problem from different angles; these groups are sometimes unaware of alternative approaches from other disciplines.
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Adaptive Sampling with Mobile WSN
Simultaneous robot localisation and mapping of paramagnetic spatio-temporal fields
Koushil Sreenath
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2011
Adaptive Sampling with Mobile WSN develops algorithms for optimal estimation of environmental parametric fields. With a single mobile sensor, several approaches are presented to solve the problem of where to sample next to maximally and simultaneously reduce uncertainty in the field estimate and uncertainty in the localisation of the mobile sensor while respecting the dynamics of the time-varying field and the mobile sensor. A case study of mapping a forest fire is presented. Multiple static and mobile sensors are considered next, and distributed algorithms for adaptive sampling are developed resulting in the Distributed Federated Kalman Filter. However, with multiple resources a possibility of deadlock arises and a matrix-based discrete-event controller is used to implement a deadlock avoidance policy. Deadlock prevention in the presence of shared and routing resources is also considered. Finally, a simultaneous and adaptive localisation strategy is developed to simultaneously localise static and mobile sensors in the WSN in an adaptive manner. Experimental validation of several of these algorithms is discussed throughout the book.
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Adjoint Sensitivity Analysis of High Frequency Structures with MATLAB®
Mohamed H. Bakr
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2017
This book presents the theory of adjoint sensitivity analysis for high frequency applications through time-domain electromagnetic simulations in MATLAB®. This theory enables the efficient estimation of the sensitivities of an arbitrary response with respect to all parameters in the considered problem. These sensitivities are required in many applications including gradient-based optimization, surrogate-based modeling, statistical analysis, and yield analysis.
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Advanced Characterization of Thin Film Solar Cells
Mowafak Al-Jassim
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2020
Polycrystalline thin-film solar cells have reached a levelized cost of energy that is competitive with all other sources of electricity. The technology has significantly improved in recent years, with laboratory cell efficiencies for cadmium telluride (CdTe), perovskites, and copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS) each exceeding 22 percent. Both CdTe and CIGS solar panels are now produced at the gigawatt scale. However, there are ongoing challenges, including the continued need to improve performance and stability while reducing cost. Advancing polycrystalline solar cell technology demands an in-depth understanding of efficiency, scaling, and degradation mechanisms, which requires sophisticated characterization methods. These methods will enable researchers and manufacturers to improve future solar modules and systems.
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Advanced Control for Constrained Processes and Systems
Fabricio Garelli
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2011
This book provides a unified, practically-oriented treatment to many constrained control paradigms. Recently proposed control strategies are unified in a generalised framework to deal with different kinds of constraints. The book's solutions are based on reference conditioning ideas implemented by means of supervisory loops, and they are complementary to any other control technique used for the main control loop. Although design simplicity is a book priority, the use of well established sliding mode concepts for theoretical analysis make it also rigorous and self-contained.
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Advanced Dielectric Materials for Electrostatic Capacitors
Qi Li
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2020
Capacitors are passive electrical components that store energy in an electric field. Applications include electric power conditioning, signal processing, motor starting, and energy storage. The maximum charge a capacitor can hold largely depends on the dielectric material inside. That material is the enabler for the performance. Ongoing development in fields such as high-power electronics, renewable energy, hybrid electric vehicles and electric aircraft, is posing an urgent need for more advanced electrostatic capacitor technology.
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Advanced Electromagnetic Analysis of Passive and Active Planar Structures
Tullio Rozzi
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1999
Historically, electromagnetics and complex circuit modelling existed as separate disciplines, each with their own tools, models and even languages. More recently, however, the emergence of very high-speed digital circuits and pressure on the telecommunications market to move towards microwave and millimetre wave bands are increasing the need to find ways to combine the two fields.
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Advanced Numerical Methods for Time-Dependent Electromagnetic Applications
Nikolaos V. Kantartzis
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2025
With contributions from leading names in the area, this book expands on several aspects of computational electromagnetics and advanced numerical techniques with cutting-edge applications, and proposes guidelines for the optimised design of several contemporary structures. As well as standard techniques, the authors cover many other time-domain schemes, including ADI, polynomial chaos, stochastic methods, enhanced curvilinear implementations and novel GPU/CUDA realisations. For researchers in electromagnetics and related areas.
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Advanced Radar Techniques and Systems
Gaspare Galati
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1993
Within the wide and fascinating field of radar techniques and systems, this book describes in detail a number of areas of research related to system architecture and design, phenomenology, array antennas and signal processing.
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Advanced Relay Technologies in Next Generation Wireless Communications
Ioannis Krikidis
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2016
Cooperative networks/relaying is a fundamental design approach that has been used to reduce path-loss and fading effects in conventional wireless communication systems. This book describes the use of this approach in new and emerging telecommunications technologies and new application areas.
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Advanced Robotics and Intelligent Machines
J.O. Gray
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1996
The term 'advanced robotics' came in the 1980s to describe the application of advanced sensors and new developments in cognitive science and artificial intelligence to the traditional robot. Today, advanced robots have come far beyond the limitations of the crude 'pick-and-place' machines of the 1980s assembly line, and have a vast range of applications in manufacturing, construction and health care, as well as hostile environments such as space, underwater and nuclear applications.
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Advanced Signal Processing
D.J. Creasey
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1985
The IEE in association with the IEEE and IERE organised an international specialist seminar on Advanced Signal Processing in Radar, Sonar and Communications, in September 1984. The Seminar was held at the University of Warwick and this book contains a collection of the papers presented. Some of the material is of a tutorial nature while some of it represents the latest state-of-the-art. Inevitably, because signal processing is limited by the components available, the subject matter ranges from the individual components and their impact on signal processing, through to the design and assessment of complete systems. The individual contributions come from industry, educational establishments and government research laboratories in the UK and the USA. The order of presentation in the book mainly follows the order in which the papers were presented at the seminar.
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Advanced Sparsity-Driven Models and Methods for Radar Applications
Gang Li
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2021
This book introduces advanced sparsity-driven models and methods and their applications in radar tasks such as detection, imaging and classification. Compressed sensing (CS) is one of the most active topics in the signal processing area. By exploiting and promoting the sparsity of the signals of interest, CS offers a new framework for reducing data without compromising the performance of signal recovery, or for enhancing resolution without increasing measurements.
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Advanced Technologies for Next Generation Integrated Circuits
Ashok Srivastava
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2020
Although existing nanometer CMOS technology is expected to remain dominant for the next decade, new non-classical devices are being developed as the potential replacements of silicon CMOS, in order to meet the ever-present demand for faster, smaller, more efficient integrate circuits.
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Advanced Theoretical and Numerical Electromagnetics
Field representations and the Method of Moments, Volume 2
Vito Lancellotti
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2022
This comprehensive and self-contained resource conveniently combines advanced topics in electromagnetic theory, a high level of mathematical detail, and the well-established ubiquitous Method of Moments applied to the solution of practical wave-scattering and antenna problems formulated with surface, volume, and hybrid integral equations.
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Advanced Theoretical and Numerical Electromagnetics
Static, stationary and time-varying fields, Volume 1
Vito Lancellotti
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2022
This comprehensive and self-contained resource conveniently combines advanced topics in electromagnetic theory, a high level of mathematical detail, and the well-established ubiquitous Method of Moments applied to the solution of practical wave-scattering and antenna problems formulated with surface, volume, and hybrid integral equations.
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Advanced Time Domain Modeling for Electrical Engineering
Rodolfo Araneo
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2022
Time domain modeling is a fascinating world which brings together several complex phenomena and methods of essential interest to engineers. This book is a reference guide which discusses the most advanced time-domain modeling methods and applications in electromagnetics and electrical engineering.
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Advances in Bistatic Radar
Nicholas J. Willis
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2007
Advances in Bistatic Radar updates and extends bistatic and multistatic radar developments since the publication of Willis' Bistatic Radar in 1991. New and recently declassified military applications are documented, civil applications are detailed including commercial and scientific systems and leading radar engineers provide expertise to each of these applications. Advances in Bistatic Radar consists of two major sections: Bistatic/Multistatic Radar Systems and Bistatic Clutter and Signal Processing. Starting with a history update, the first section documents the early and now declassified military AN/FPS-23 Fluttar DEW-Line Gap-filler, and high frequency (HF) bistatic radars developed for missile attack warning. It then documents the recently developed passive bistatic and multistatic radars exploiting commercial broadcast transmitters for military and civilian air surveillance. Next, the section documents scientific bistatic radar systems for planetary exploration, which have exploited data link transmitters over the last forty years; ionospheric measurements, again exploiting commercial broadcast transmitters; and 3-D wind field measurements using a bistatic receiver hitchhiking off doppler weather radars. This last application has been commercialized. The second section starts by documenting the full, unclassified bistatic clutter scattering coefficient data base, along with the theory and analysis supporting its development. The section then details two major clutter-related developments, spotlight bistatic synthetic aperture radar (SAR), which can now generate high resolution images using bistatic autofocus and related techniques; and adaptive moving target indication (MTI), which allows cancellation of nonstationary clutter generated by moving (i.e. airborne) platforms through the use of bistatic space-time adaptive processing (STAP).
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Advances in Body-Centric Wireless Communication
Applications and state-of-the-art
Qammer H. Abbasi
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2016
Body centric wireless networking and communications is an emerging 4G technology for short (1-5 m) and very short (below 1 m) range communications systems, used to connect devices worn on (or in) the body, or between two people in close proximity. It has great potential for applications in healthcare delivery, entertainment, surveillance, and emergency services. This book brings together contributions from a multidisciplinary team of researchers in the field of wireless and mobile communications, signal processing and medical measurements to present the underlying theory, implementation challenges and applications of this exciting new technology.
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Advances in Cognitive Systems
Samia Nefti
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2010
This book has been inspired by the portfolio of recent scientific outputs from a range of European and national research initiatives in cognitive science. It presents an overview of recent developments in cognition research and unites the various emerging research strands within a single text as a reference point for progress in the subject. It also provides guidance for new researchers on the breadth of the field and the interconnections between the various research strands identified here.
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Advances in Command, Control and Communication Systems
C.J. Harris
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1987
This book describes some of the developments in Command, Control and Communication (C3) systems. The topics cover the design of large real-time man-machine systems, which are now a vital area of intensive scientific and financial investment. C3 systems are for complex resource management and planning, and although this has a predominantly military connotation, similar systems are now developing in civil sector applications, public utilities and banking.
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Advances in Communications Satellite Systems
Proceedings of The 36th International Communications Satellite Systems Conference (ICSSC-2018)
Ifiok Otung
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2020
The International Communications Satellite Systems Conference (ICSSC) is one of the most influential technical conferences in the field. The 36th edition was held in October 2018 in Niagara Falls, Canada. These proceedings present a broad spectrum of space communications topics from the conference, from the evolution of GEO from traditional area coverage to Ultra High Throughput Satellites (UHTS), the growing number of mega constellations expected to enter service in the next decade, navigation applications such as vehicle autonomy, wideband data backhaul from scientific and remote sensing payloads in LEO, and the extension of the 5G network to near earth, lunar and deep space environments in support of human exploration.
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Advances in Communications Satellite Systems
Proceedings of The 37th International Communications Satellite Systems Conference (ICSSC-2019)
Ifiok Otung
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2021
The International Communications Satellite Systems Conference (ICSSC) is the oldest and one of the most influential technical conferences in the field. The 37th edition was held from 29th October - 1st November 2019 in Okinawa, Japan. These proceedings present a broad spectrum of space communications contributions from the conference, with highlights including high speed optical communications and feeder links, advanced digital payloads, broadband satellite communication architectures and applications.
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Advances in High Voltage Engineering
A. Haddad
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2004
It is several years since any book has attempted to cover the range of issues in high voltage research and development. The area continues to be full of challenge and scope and this book focuses on developments in experimental methods, theory, modelling and HV technology through the past decade. The coverage includes advances in basic understanding and capability, for instance in earthing, numerical analysis, optical methods, the physics of air breakdown and partial discharge. It also addresses technological developments in key areas such as SF6 insulation systems, polymeric insulators and power cables, ZnO surge arrestors, and pulsed power. The unique blend of reputable contributors and comprehensive subject coverage makes this book an ideal reference source for engineers and researchers in the field for many years to come.
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Advances in High-Power Fiber and Diode Laser Engineering
Ivan Divliansky
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2020
Advances in High-Power Fiber and Diode Laser Engineering provides an overview of recent research trends in fiber and diode lasers and laser systems engineering. In recent years, many new fiber designs and fiber laser system strategies have emerged, targeting the mitigation of different problems which occur when standard optical fibers are used for making high-power lasers. Simultaneously, a lot of attention has been put to increasing the brightness and the output power of laser diodes. Both of these major laser development directions continue to advance at a rapid pace with the sole purpose of achieving higher power while having excellent beam quality.
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Advances in Mathematical Methods for Electromagnetics
Kazuya Kobayashi
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2021
This book covers recent achievements in the area of advanced analytical and associated numerical methods as applied to various problems arising in all branches of electromagnetics. The unifying theme is the application of advanced or novel mathematical techniques to produce analytical solutions or effective analytical-numerical methods for computational electromagnetics addressing more general problems.
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Advances in Planar Filters Design
Jiasheng Hong
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2019
Microwave filters are the basic building blocks of communication systems. These filters, having reliable and scalable filter topologies with and without tunable properties, are capable of controlling different frequency bands as well as their fractional bandwidth to meet different system needs. There have been significant advances in the synthesis and physical realisation of microwave filter networks, and the design and applications for communication systems.
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Advances in Power System Modelling, Control and Stability Analysis
Federico Milano
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2022
Power systems are becoming increasingly complex as well as flexible, able to integrate distributed renewable generation, EV, and additional loads. This expanded and updated second edition covers the technologies needed to operate modern power grids.
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Advances in Power System Modelling, Control and Stability Analysis
Federico Milano
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2016
Advances in Power System Modelling, Control and Stability Analysis captures the variety of new methodologies and technologies that are changing the way modern electric power systems are modelled, simulated and operated.
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Advances in Telemedicine for Health Monitoring
Technologies, design and applications
Tarik A. Rashid
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2020
Advances in telemedicine technologies have offered clinicians greater levels of real-time guidance and technical assistance for diagnoses, monitoring, operations or interventions from colleagues based in remote locations. The topic includes the use of videoconferencing, mentorship during surgical procedures, or machine-to-machine communication to process data from one location by programmes running in another.
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Advances in Unmanned Marine Vehicles
G.N. Roberts
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2006
Unmanned marine vehicles (UMVs) is a collective term used to describe autonomous underwater vehicles, remotely operated vehicles, semi-submersibles, and unmanned surface craft. Considerable interest has been shown in UMVs by the military, civilian and scientific communities due to their ability to undertake designated missions whilst either operating autonomously and/or on co-operation with other types of vehicle. Increasing importance is also being placed on the design and development of such vehicles as they are capable of providing cost effective solutions to a number of littoral, coastal and offshore problems. This book draws attention to the advanced technology which is evolving to meet the challenges being posed in this exciting and growing field of study.
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Advances in Weather Radar
Emerging applications, Volume 3
V.N. Bringi
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2024
After nearly 50 years of sustained research and 30 years of operational deployment, research in weather radars has witnessed tremendous growth over the past decade and is now spilling over to novel applications and geographies. This book provides a systematic and thorough review of advances in research, developments, and technologies in the field.
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Advances in Weather Radar
Precipitation science, scattering and processing algorithms, Volume 2
V.N. Bringi
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2024
After nearly 50 years of sustained research and 30 years of operational deployment, research in weather radars has witnessed tremendous growth over the past decade and is now spilling over to novel applications and geographies. This book provides a systematic and thorough review of advances in research, developments, and technologies in the field.
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Advances in Weather Radar
Precipitation sensing platforms, Volume 1
V.N. Bringi
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2024
After nearly 50 years of sustained research and 30 years of operational deployment, research in weather radars has witnessed tremendous growth over the past decade and is now spilling over to novel applications and geographies. This book provides a systematic and thorough review of advances in research, developments, and technologies in the field.
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Affective Computing Applications using Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare
Methods, approaches and challenges in system design
M. Murugappan
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2024
Affective computing is the study and development of systems and devices that can recognise human emotions. This can be done using sensing technologies and AI algorithms to process biological signals or facial images to identify the different affective states, such as happiness, anger, fear, surprise, sadness and disgust. This non-invasive technique has applications in healthcare such as emotional impairment detection, mental health assessment, emotional stress assessment, cognitive decline detection, attention deficit disorders, neurodegenerative diseases, neurological disorders, autism spectrum disorder, stress, anxiety or other behavioural assessment.
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Age Factors in Biometric Processing
Michael Fairhurst
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2013
As biometrics-based identification and identity authentication become increasingly widespread in their deployment, it becomes correspondingly important to consider more carefully issues relating to reliability, usability and inclusion. One factor which is particularly important in this context is that of the relationship between the nature of the measurements extracted from a particular biometric modality and the age of the sample donor, and the effect which age has on physiological and behavioural characteristics invoked in a biometric transaction.
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Agrivoltaics
Technical, ecological, commercial and legal aspects
Constantin Klyk
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2024
Agrivoltaics, also called agricultural-photovoltaics (Agri-PV or APV), integrates solar power generation into an agricultural activity on farmland.
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AI for Emerging Verticals
Human-robot computing, sensing and networking
Muhammad Zeeshan Shakir
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2021
By specializing in a vertical market, companies can better understand their customers and bring more insight to clients in order to become an integral part of their businesses. This approach requires dedicated tools, which is where artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) will play a major role. By adopting AI software and services, businesses can create predictive strategies, enhance their capabilities, better interact with customers, and streamline their business processes.
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AI for Power Electronics and Renewable Energy Systems
Weihao Hu
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2024
Rising shares of renewable energy are needed to stave off catastrophic climate change, but also bring about the challenge of intermittency, jeopardizing power quality. Instead of large central generation units, many distributed generators and loads need to be managed in order to integrate renewable energy with power systems.
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AI for Status Monitoring of Utility Scale Batteries
Shunli Wang
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2022
Batteries are a necessary part of a low-emission energy system, as they can store renewable electricity and assist the grid. Utility-scale batteries, with capacities of several to hundreds of MWh, are particularly important for condominiums, local grid nodes, and EV charging arrays. However, such batteries are expensive and need to be monitored and managed well to maintain capacity and reliability. Artificial intelligence offers a solution for effective monitoring and management of utility-scale batteries.
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AI Techniques in EV Motor and Inverter Fault Detection and Diagnosis
Yihua Hu
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2024
The motor drive system plays a significant role in the safety and function of electric vehicles as a bridge for power transmission. In order to enhance the efficiency and stability of the drive system, more and more studies based on AI technology are devoted to the fault detection and diagnosis of the motor drive system.
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AIoT Technologies and Applications for Smart Environments
Mamoun Alazab
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2022
Although some IoT systems are built for simple event control where a sensor signal triggers a corresponding reaction, many events are far more complex, requiring applications to interpret the event using analytical techniques to initiate proper actions. Artificial intelligence of things (AIoT) applies intelligence to the edge and gives devices the ability to understand the data, observe the environment around them, and decide what to do best with minimum human intervention. With the power of AI, AIoT devices are not just messengers feeding information to control centers. They have evolved into intelligent machines capable of performing self-driven analytics and acting independently. A smart environment uses technologies such as wearable devices, IoT, and mobile internet to dynamically access information, connect people, materials and institutions, and then actively manages and responds to the ecosystem's needs in an intelligent manner.
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Airborne Early Warning System Concepts
Maurice W. Long
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2004
Supported by 202 equations and 170 illustrations, Airborne Early Warning System Concepts is an invaluable reference tool for a wide audience. It will be a welcome library addition for the engineer, scientist, system integrator, user, designer, or manager with interest in AEW concepts. It is also suitable for students and professors of electrical and system engineering or military science. This comprehensive discussion of airborne early warning (AEW) system concepts encompasses a wide range of issues, including capabilities and limitations, developmental trends and opportunities for improvement. Consisting of contributions from experts in the field, the book is presented at varying levels of complexity, ranging from elementary to advanced. For the generalist, the text provides a fundamental understanding of the status of AEW concepts with the use of only elementary mathematics. For the specialist, there are separate chapters that emphasize key AEW radar issues.
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Algorithmic and Knowledge-based CAD for VLSI
Gaynor Taylor
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1992
The continuing growth in the size and complexity of VLSI devices requires a parallel development of well-designed, efficient CAD tools. The majority of commercially available tools are based on an algorithmic approach to the problem and there is a continuing research effort aimed at improving these. The sheer complexity of the problem has, however, led to an interest in examining the applicability of expert systems and other knowledge based techniques to certain problems in the area and a number of results are becoming available. The aim of this book is to sample the present state-of-the-art in CAD for VLSI and it covers both newly developed algorithms and applications of techniques from the artificial intelligence community. The editors believe it will prove of interest to all engineers concerned with the design and testing of integrated circuits and systems.
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Analog Circuit Design
Designing Amplifier Circuits, Volume 1
D. Feucht
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2010
This book presents the basic principles of transistor circuit analysis, basic per-stage building blocks, and feedback. The content is restricted to quasi-static (low-frequency) considerations, to emphasize basic topological principles. The reader will be able to analyze and design multi-stage amplifiers with feedback, including calculation and specification of gain, input and output resistances, including the effects of transistor output resistance. Of note is the presentation of feedback analysis, a subject rarely covered by other books, with insights and from angles that will reduce to analysis by inspection for readers. Some circuit transformations outlined within are especially helpful in reducing circuits to simpler forms for analysis. They are usefully applied in considering transistor circuits for which collector-emitter (or drain-source) resistance is not negligible, another often omitted topic which this book details.
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Analog Circuit Design
Designing Dynamic Circuit Response, Volume 2
D. Feucht
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2010
This second volume, Analog Circuit Design: Designing Dynamic Circuit Response, builds upon the first volume (Analog Circuit Design: Designing Amplifier Circuits) by extending coverage to include reactances and their time- and frequency-related behavioral consequences. Retaining a design-oriented analysis, this volume begins with circuit fundamentals involving capacitance and inductance and lays down the approach using s-domain analysis. Additional concepts and perspectives fill in the blanks left by textbooks in regards to circuit design. It simplifies dynamic circuit analysis by using the graphical methods of reactance plots. Methods of compensating amplifiers, including feedback amplifiers, are kept as simple as possible using reactance plots and s-domain transfer functions that mainly require algebraic skill.
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Analog Circuit Design
Designing High-Performance Amplifiers, Volume 3
D. Feucht
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2010
The third volume, Analog Circuit Design: Designing High-Performance Amplifiers, applies the concepts from the first two volumes. It is an advanced treatment of amplifier design/analysis emphasizing both wideband and precision amplification. Topics include bandwidth extension, noise and distortion, effects of components, instrumentation and isolation, amplifiers, autocalibration, thermal effects, current-feedback amplifiers, multi-path schemes, feed forward, fT multipliers, buffers, voltage translators, Giulbert gain cells and multipliers.
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Analog Circuit Design
Designing Waveform-Processing Circuits, Volume 4
D. Feucht
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2010
The fourth volume in the set, Analog Circuit Design: Designing Waveform-Processing Circuits, builds on the previous 3 volumes and presents a variety of analog non-amplifier circuits, including voltage references, current sources, filters, hysteresis switches and oscilloscope trigger and sweep circuitry, function generation, absolute-value circuits, and peak detectors. Digitizing (ADCs and DACs) and sampling (including some switched-capacitor) circuits are explained, with theory required for design. Sampling theory is developed from both a frequency and time-domain viewpoint, with emphasis upon application to design.
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Analogue IC Design
The current-mode approach
C. Toumazou
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1993
State-of-the-art analogue integrated circuit design is receiving a tremendous boost from the development and application of current-mode approaches, which are rapidly superseding traditional voltage-mode techniques. This activity is linked to important advances in integrated circuit technologies, such as the 'true' complementary bipolar process; CMOS VLSI technology, which allows realisation of high-performance mixed analogue and digital circuits; and gallium arsenide processing, which has matured to a point where it can be used effectively in high-speed analogue circuit and system design. In this book, all three technologies are represented, with key building blocks, circuit designs and applications. Many very important, but recent, techniques are presented, including switched-current techniques for high-precision filtering and A/D and D/A conversion, current-based amplifying techniques, and neural networks. Translinear principles, current mirrors, and the current conveyor are also covered. This book draws together contributions from the world's most eminent analogue IC designers to provide, for the first time, a comprehensive text devoted to this important and exciting new area of analogue electronics.
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Analogue Optical Fibre Communications
B. Wilson
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1995
One of the many problems facing designers of fibre systems is the basic question of how best to transmit analogue-sourced signals; either on dedicated point-to-point links or as part of mixed-mode traffic on a predominantly digital fibre service network. This book discusses the fundamental principles involved and describes a variety of techniques and applications. The chapters have been contributed by invited researchers with expertise in a range of areas and outline the latest methods and analytical approaches, components and systems.
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Analogue-digital ASICs
Circuit techniques, design tools and applications
R.S. Soin
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1991
The inexorable increase in levels of integration of electronic circuits has most often been exploited using digital signals. So much so that design engineers have sought to digitise analogue signals as early as possible in the signal processing chain, and performed digital processing wherever practicable.
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Analysis and Design of CMOS Clocking Circuits For Low Phase Noise
Woorham Bae
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2020
As electronics continue to become faster, smaller and more efficient, development and research around clocking signals and circuits has accelerated to keep pace. This book bridges the gap between the classical theory of clocking circuits and recent technological advances, making it a useful guide for newcomers to the field, and offering an opportunity for established researchers to broaden and update their knowledge of current trends.
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Analysis and Design of Reset Control Systems
Yuqian Guo
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2016
Reset control is concerned with how to reset a system when it is disturbed to overcome the inherent limitations of linear feedback control and to improve robustness. It has found applications in many practical systems including flexible mechanical systems, tapespeed control systems and high precision positioning systems.
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Analysis of Metallic Antennas and Scatterers
B.D. Popović
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1994
Most antennas are assembled from conducting surfaces and wires. The usual approach to numerical analysis of such structures is to approximate them by small surface or wire elements, with simple current approximation over the elements (the so-called subdomain approach), which requires a large amount of computer storage. This book describes a novel general entire-domain method for the analysis of metallic antennas and scatterers which enables the solution of a very wide class of problems to be obtained using computers of relatively modest capability.
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Angle-of-Arrival Estimation Using Radar Interferometry
Methods and applications
Jeff Holder
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2014
Radar interferometers provide a cost-effective radar architecture to achieve enhanced angle accuracy for enhanced target tracking. The objective of this book is to quantify interferometer angle estimation accuracy by developing a general understanding of various radar interferometer architectures and presenting a comprehensive understanding of the effects of radar-based measurement errors on angle-of-arrival estimation. As such this book is primarily directed toward tracking radars but will also discuss imaging applications as well.
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Antenna Analysis and Design using FEKO Electromagnetic Simulation Software
Atef Z. Elsherbeni
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2014
The objective of this book is to introduce students and interested researchers to antenna design and analysis using the popular commercial electromagnetic software FEKO. This book, being tutorial in nature, is primarily intended for students working in the field of antenna analysis and design; however the wealth of hands-on design examples presented in this book along with simulation details, makes it a valuable reference for practicing engineers. The requirement for the readers of this book is to be familiar with the basics of antenna theory; however electrical engineering students taking an introductory course in antenna engineering can also benefit from this book as a supplementary text.
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Antenna Booster Technology for Wireless Communications
Jaume Anguera
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2024
Being surface-mounted and chip-like in nature, the antenna booster fits seamlessly in an electronic printed circuit board the same way as any other electronic component such as an amplifier, filter or switch. It can be assembled with a conventional pick-and-place machine, making the manufacture and design of the new generation of IoT and mobile or wireless devices much simpler, faster and more effective.
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Antennas and Propagation for 5G and Beyond
Qammer H. Abbasi
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2020
Transforming the way we live, work, and engage with our environment, 5G and beyond technologies will provide much higher bandwidth and connectivity to billions of devices. This brings enormous opportunities but of course the widespread deployment of these technologies faces challenges, including the need for reliable connectivity, a diverse range of bandwidths, dynamic spectrum sharing, channel modelling and wave propagation for ultra-dense wireless networks, as well as price pressures. The choice of an antenna system will also be a critical component of all node end devices and will present several design challenges such as size, purpose, shape and placement. In this edited book, the authors bring new approaches for exploiting challenging propagation channels and the development of efficient, cost-effective, scalable, and reliable antenna systems and solutions, as well as future perspectives.
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Antennas
Fundamentals, design, measurement
Lamont V. Blake
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2009
This is a professional level, introductory text on antenna principles, design, analysis, and measurements. It is especially suitable for persons who wish to improve their knowledge of antenna principles, concept design, performance analyses, and measurements. It is not a cookbook-like catalog for antenna design, nor does its understanding require a familiarity with electromagnetic theory, sophisticated mathematics, or complex computer techniques. The 3rd Edition updates and expands the original text by Lamont Blake, which was prepared at the undergraduate engineering, science, or technology level. For providing technical depth at the senior and graduate university levels, additions to the original book include a greatly expanded Chapter 7 on Antennas with Special Properties, a brand new Chapter 8 on Electronically Steered Arrays, and a revised Chapter 9 on Measurements. Also new to this edition are numerous appendices to the updated text.
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Antennas
Fundamentals, Design, Measurement, 3rd edn (Standard)
Maurice Long
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2009
This is a professional level, introductory text on antenna principles, design, analysis, and measurements. It is especially suitable for persons who wish to improve their knowledge of antenna principles, concept design, performance analyses, and measurements. It is not a cookbook-like catalog for antenna design, nor does its understanding require a familiarity with electromagnetic theory, sophisticated mathematics, or complex computer techniques. The 3rd Edition updates and expands the original text by Lamont Blake, which was prepared at the undergraduate engineering, science, or technology level. For providing technical depth at the senior and graduate university levels, additions to the original book include a greatly expanded Chapter 7 on Antennas with Special Properties, a brand new Chapter 8 on Electronically Steered Arrays, and a revised Chapter 9 on Measurements. Also new to this edition are numerous appendices to the updated text and a CD-ROM with sample computer analyses. Reader knowledge assumes familiarity with basic college physics and mathematics. Computer computations use Mathcad® software, which can be read and used by persons without prior computer programming knowledge. The book is therefore suitable for entry-level as well as the more experienced professionals who desire to expand their understanding of and capabilities for antenna principles, analyses, measurements, and design.
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Aperture Antennas and Diffraction Theory
E.V. Jull
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1981
Two powerful techniques for the analysis of aperture antennas are now used. One is based on the convenient Fourier transform relationship between aperture field and far-field radiation pattern. Here this relationship is derived from the plane wave spectrum representation of the aperture fields. In the near field of the aperture, Fourier transforms become Fresnel transforms. Far-field patterns may be predicted from near-field measurements by treating the near field as the aperture plane. In its application this method is basically the Kirchhoff approximation of diffraction theory. It is accurate for the forward fields of large antennas but cannot provide the lateral and back radiation.
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Application of Dimensional Analysis in Systems Modeling and Control Design
Pedro Balaguer
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2013
Dimensional analysis is an engineering tool that is widely applied to numerous engineering problems, but has only recently been applied to control theory and problems such as identification and model reduction, robust control, adaptive control, and PID control.
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Applications of Artificial Intelligence in E-Healthcare Systems
Munish Sabharwal
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2022
Increased use of artificial intelligence (AI) is being deployed in many hospitals and healthcare settings to help improve health care service delivery. Machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) tools can help guide physicians with tasks such as diagnosis and detection of diseases and assisting with medical decision making.
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Applications of Deep Learning in Electromagnetics
Teaching Maxwell's equations to machines
Maokun Li
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2022
Deep learning has started to be applied to solving many electromagnetic problems, including the development of fast modelling solvers, accurate imaging algorithms, efficient design tools for antennas, as well as tools for wireless links/channels characterization. The contents of this book represent pioneer applications of deep learning techniques to electromagnetic engineering, where physical principles described by the Maxwell's equations dominate. With the development of deep learning techniques, improvement in learning capacity and generalization ability may allow machines to "learn" from properly collected data and "master" the physical laws in certain controlled boundary conditions. In the long run, a hybridization of fundamental physical principles with knowledge from training data could unleash numerous possibilities in electromagnetic theory and engineering that used to be impossible due to the limit of data information and ability of computation.
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Applications of Machine Learning and Data Analytics Models in Maritime Transportation
Ran Yan
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2022
Machine learning and data analytics can be used to inform technical, commercial and financial decisions in the maritime industry. Applications of Machine Learning and Data Analytics Models in Maritime Transportation explores the fundamental principles of analysing maritime transportation related practical problems using data-driven models, with a particular focus on machine learning and operations research models.
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Applications of Machine Learning in Digital Healthcare
Miguel Hernandez Silveira
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2022
Machine learning algorithms are increasingly finding applications in the healthcare sector. Whether assisting a clinician to process an individual patient's data or helping administrators view hospital bed turnover, the volume and complexity of healthcare data is a compelling reason for the development of machine learning based tools to aid in its interpretation and use.
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Applications of Machine Learning in Wireless Communications
Ruisi He
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2019
Machine learning explores the study and development of algorithms that can learn from and make predictions and decisions based on data. Applications of machine learning in wireless communications have been receiving a lot of attention, especially in the era of big data and IoT, where data mining and data analysis technologies are effective approaches to solving wireless system evaluation and design issues.
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Applications of Space-Time Adaptive Processing
Richard Klemm
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2004
This new book from Richard Klemm, author of the highly successful Principles of Space-time Adaptive Processing (IEE,2002), examines the various applications of space-time adaptive processing including applications in OTH-radar, ground target tracking, STAP in real world clutter environments, jammer cancellation, superresolution, active sonar, seismics and communications. Including contributions from distinguished international authors, the book provides a unique overview of the field of space-time procesing. The book is divided in two parts; the first dealing with the classical adaptive suppression of airbourne and space based radar clutter and the second comprising of miscellaneous applications in other fields such as communications, underwater sound and seismics.
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Applied Building Performance Simulation
Joe Clarke
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2024
Good building performance is contingent on complex, interacting factors. The application of performance simulation tools allows practitioners to adopt a virtual prototype and test approach in selecting design solutions that balance performance and cost.
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Applied Control Theory
J.R. Leigh
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1987
'To the surprise of some undergraduates, processes do not carry labels marking their variables nor, alas, are they conveniently classified into linear, nonlinear, stochastic, etc., categories. The ability to come to terms with this situation is a prerequisite for anyone proposing to succeed in an industrial environment.' This quotation from Chapter 1 characterises the viewpoint of the book, which is concerned with the application of control theory to real problems in their industrial context.
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Approximate Boundary Conditions in Electromagnetics
T.B.A. Senior
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1995
Non-metallic materials and composites are now commonplace in modern vehicle construction, and the need to compute scattering and other electromagnetic phenomena in the presence of material structures has led to the development of new simulation techniques.
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The Art of Successful Business Communication
Patrick Forsyth
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2008
An opportunity to impress, Communication is easy isn't it? Well it may seem so, but consider honestly when was the last time you were involved in a breakdown of communications? And how long ago was one such a veritable derailment? For most people and in most organisations this happens regularly.
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Artificial Intelligence and Blockchain Technology in Modern Telehealth Systems
Agbotiname Lucky Imoize
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2024
The expansion of telehealth services is enabling healthcare professionals to consult, diagnose, advise or perform tasks remotely, enabling them to treat more patients in their own homes or consult on cases on the other side of the world. The security of sensitive user information is critical to effective and efficient delivery of healthcare services. Artificial intelligence (AI) and blockchain technology are identified as key drivers of emerging telehealth systems, enabling efficient delivery of telehealth services to billions of patients globally. Specifically, AI facilitates the processing and analysis of complex telehealth data, and blockchain technology offers decentralised, transparent, traceable, reliable, trustful, and provable security to telehealth systems.
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Artificial Intelligence Applied to Satellite-based Remote Sensing Data for Earth Observation
Maria Pia Del Rosso
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2021
Earth observation (EO) involves the collection, analysis, and presentation of data in order to monitor and assess the status and changes in natural and built environments. This technology has many applications including weather forecasting, tracking biodiversity, measuring land-use change, monitoring and responding to natural disasters, managing natural resources, monitoring emerging diseases and health risks, and predicting, adapting to and mitigating climate change.
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Artificial Intelligence for Biometrics and Cybersecurity
Technology and applications
Ahmed A. Abd El-Latif
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2023
The integration of new technologies is resulting in an increased demand for security and authentication in all types of data communications. Cybersecurity is the protection of networks and systems from theft. Biometric technologies use unique traits of particular parts of the body such facial recognition, iris, fingerprints and voice to identify individuals' physical and behavioural characteristics. Although there are many challenges associated with extracting, storing and processing such data, biometric and cybersecurity technologies along with artificial intelligence (AI) are offering new approaches to verification procedures and mitigating security risks.
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Artificial Intelligence for Smarter Power Systems
Fuzzy logic and neural networks
Marcelo Godoy Simões
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2021
The urgent need to reduce carbon emissions is leading to growing use of renewable electricity, particularly from wind and photovoltaics. However, the intermittent nature of these power sources presents challenges to power systems, which need to ensure high and consistent power quality. Going forward, power systems also need to be able to respond to changes in loads, for example from EV charging. Neither production nor load changes can be predicted precisely, and so there is a degree of uncertainty or fuzziness. One way to meet these challenges is to use a kind of artificial intelligence - fuzzy logic.
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Artificial Intelligence Techniques in Power Systems
Kevin Warwick
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1997
Research in artificial intelligence has developed many techniques and methodologies that can be either adapted or used directly to solve complex power system problems. A variety of such problems are covered in this book including reactive power control, alarm analysis, fault diagnosis, protection systems and load forecasting. Methods such as knowledge-based (expert) systems, fuzzy logic, neural networks and genetic algorithms are all first introduced and then investigated in terms of their applicability in the power systems field. The book, therefore, serves as both an introduction to the use of artificial intelligence techniques for those from a power systems background and as an overview of the power systems implementation area for those from an artificial intelligence computing or control background. It is structured so that it is suitable for various levels of reader, covering basic principles as well as applications and case studies. The most popular methods and the most fruitful application fields are considered in more detail. The book contains contributions from top international authors and will be an extremely useful text for all those with an interest in the field.
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Asymptotic and Hybrid Methods in Electromagnetics
F. Molinet
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2005
There have been significant developments in the field of numerical methods for diffraction problems in recent years, and as a result, it is now possible to perform computations with more than ten million unknowns. However, the importance of asymptotic methods should not be overlooked. Not only do they provide considerable physical insight into diffraction mechanisms, and can therefore aid the design of electromagnetic devices such as radar targets and antennas, some objects are still too large in terms of wavelengths to fall in the realm of numerical methods. Furthermore, very low Radar Cross Section objects are often difficult to compute using multiple methods. Finally, objects that are very large in terms of wavelength, but with complicated details, are still a challenge both for asymptotic and numerical methods. The best, but now widely explored, solution for these problems is to combine various methods in so called hybrid methods.
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Asynchronous Circuit Applications
Jia Di
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2020
Unlike conventional synchronous circuits, asynchronous circuits are not coordinated by a clocking signal, but instead use handshaking protocols to control circuit behaviour. Asynchronous circuits have been found to offer several advantages, including high energy efficiency, flexible timing requirements, high modularity, low noise/EMI, and robustness to PVT variations. At the same time, growing pressures on the electronics industry for ever smaller, more efficient ICs are pushing the limits of conventional circuit technologies. These factors are spurring growing interest in asynchronous circuits amongst both the academic research and commercial R&D communities.
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ATM
The broadband telecommunications solution
L.G. Cuthbert
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1993
Since ATM was identified by the CCITT in 1988 as the target transfer mode for broadband communications, there has been considerable research activity on the topic world-wide. Within Europe, the RACE programme of the European Community has brought together experts from a wide variety of organisations to work on several projects. This book results from the work of one of those projects.
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front cover of Authentication Technologies for Cloud Computing, IoT and Big Data
Authentication Technologies for Cloud Computing, IoT and Big Data
Yasser M. Alginahi
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2019
Critical systems and infrastructure rely heavily on ICT systems and networks where security issues are a major concern. Authentication methods verify that messages come from trusted sources and guarantee the smooth flow of information and data. In this edited reference, the authors present state-of-art research and development in authentication technologies including challenges and applications for Cloud Technologies, IoT and Big Data. Topics covered include authentication; cryptographic algorithms; digital watermarking; biometric authentication; block ciphers with applications in IoT; identification schemes for Cloud and IoT; authentication issues for Cloud applications; cryptography engines for Cloud based on FPGA; and data protection laws.
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Autonomous Decentralized Systems and their Applications in Transport and Infrastructure
Kinji Mori
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2019
In a large and complex system, such as a railway network, it is often not an option to stop operation at any time. Even if a part of the system fails, is being repaired or modified, the system has to keep functioning. This leads to many requirements for on-line expansion, on-line maintenance, and fault-tolerance. Dynamic changes demand next-generation control, information and service systems to be based on adaptive, reliable and reusable technologies and applications. Such systems are expected to have the characteristics of living systems composed of largely autonomous and decentralized components. Hence they are called Autonomous Decentralized Systems (ADS).
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Autonomous Underwater Vehicles
Design and practice
Frank Ehlers
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2020
The recent development of advanced processing capabilities and higher yield power supplies means that Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUVs) are finding novel and increasingly advanced applications in research, military and commercial settings.
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Aviation Cybersecurity
Foundations, principles, and applications
Houbing Song
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2022
Aircraft are becoming increasingly reliant on computing and networking technologies, with the advent of the Internet of Things, but this makes them vulnerable to cyber-attacks. This multidisciplinary book is at the cross section of aircraft systems, cybersecurity, and defence technologies. It covers the very latest in defending military and commercial aircraft against cyber-attacks.
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Aviation Weather Surveillance Systems
Advanced radar and surface sensors for flight safety and air traffic management
Pravas Mahapatra
The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1999
The need to enhance the safety and efficiency of aviation systems has escalated with increasing aviation activity and competitiveness around the world. Weather, which is one of the principal factors affecting aviation performance, is acquiring ever more importance as aviation is poised to shift to futuristic paradigms such as free flight. Advanced systems and approaches to the surveillance of weather and the resultant generation of highly processed, detailed, accurate and reliable weather data, are becoming integral parts of support systems for navigation and air traffic management.
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