cover of book

Between Race and Ethnicity: Cape Verdean American Immigrants, 1860-1965
by Marilyn Halter
University of Illinois Press, 1993
eISBN: 978-0-252-05442-6 | Cloth: 978-0-252-01997-5 | Paper: 978-0-252-06326-8
Library of Congress Classification E184.C24H34 1993
Dewey Decimal Classification 973.0496658

Arriving in New England first as crew members of whaling vessels, Afro-Portuguese immigrants from Cape Verde later came as permanent settlers and took work in the cranberry industry, on the docks, and as domestic workers.

Marilyn Halter combines oral history with analyses of ships' records to chart the history and adaptation patterns of the Cape Verdean Americans. Though identifying themselves in ethnic terms, Cape Verdeans found that their African-European ancestry led their new society to view them as a racial group. Halter emphasizes racial and ethnic identity formation to show how Cape Verdeans set themselves apart from the African Americans while attempting to shrug off white society's exclusionary tactics. She also contrasts rural life on the bogs of Cape Cod with New Bedford’s urban community to reveal the ways immigrants established their own social and religious groups as they strove to maintain their Crioulo customs.

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